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Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE)

Bureau of Energy Efficiency(BEE)

The mission of Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) is to develop policy and strategies with a thrust on self-regulation and market principles, within the overall framework of the Energy Conservation Act (EC Act), 2001 with the primary objective of reducing energy intensity of the Indian economy. This will be achieved with active participation of all stakeholders, resulting in accelerated and sustained adoption of energy efficiency in all sectors.

The primary objective of BEE is to reduce energy intensity in the Indian economy. In order to translate the objectives into result-oriented action the broad strategies of BEE include:

  • To coordinate policies and programmes on efficient use of energy and its conservation with the involvement of stakeholders
  • To plan, manage and implement energy conservation programmes as envisaged in the EC Act
  • To assume leadership and provide policy framework and direction to national energy efficiency and conservation efforts and programmes
  • To demonstrate energy efficiency delivery mechanisms, as envisaged in the EC Act, through private-public partnership
  • To establish systems and procedures to measure, monitor and verify energy efficiency results in individual sectors as well as at the national level.

During the 11thFive Year Plan, the avoided generation capacity resulting from the various schemes of the Bureau of Energy Efficiency was 10,836 MW against target of 10,000 MW. The 11th Plan was the first Plan in which energy efficiency programmes were launched. These included the Standards &Labeling programme for appliances and equipment, the Energy Conservation Building Code, the Industrial Energy Efficiency & SME programme, and the Municipal & Agricultural Demand Side Management (DSM) Programmes. In addition, towards the end of the 11th Plan period, a new scheme was approved to initiate the various actions under the National Mission on Enhanced Energy Efficiency. Further, a few schemes focused on capacity building and institutional strengthening of the State Designated Agencies for the implementation of the Energy Conservation Act in the States, for general awareness and outreach, and for recognition to best performing units through the National Energy Conservation Awards.

BEE co-ordinates with designated consumers, designated agencies and other organizations and recognize, identify and utilize the existing resources and infrastructure, in performing the functions assigned to it under the Energy Conservation Act. The Energy Conservation Act provides for regulatory and promotional functions.

The major Regulatory Functions of BEE include
  • Develop minimum energy performance standards and labelling design for equipment and appliances.
  • Develop specific Energy Conservation Building Codes.
  • Activities focussing on designated consumers.
  • Develop specific energy consumption norms.
  • Certify Energy Managers and Energy Auditors.
  • Accredit Energy Auditors.
  • Define the manner and periodicity of mandatory energy audits.
  • Define the manner and periodicity of mandatory energy audits.
  • Develop reporting formats on energy consumption and action taken on the recommendations of the energy auditors.

The major Promotional Functions of BEE include
  • Create awareness and disseminate information on energy efficiency and conservation
  • Arrange and organize training of personnel and specialists in the techniques for efficient use of energy and its conservation
  • Strengthen consultancy services in the field of energy conservation
  • Promote research and development
  • Develop testing and certification procedures and promote testing facilities
  • Formulate and facilitate implementation of pilot projects and demonstration projects
  • Promote use of energy efficient processes, equipment, devices and systems
  • Take steps to encourage preferential treatment for use of energy efficient equipment or appliances
  • Promote innovative financing of energy efficiency projects
  • Give financial assistance to institutions for promoting efficient use of energy and its conservation
  • Prepare educational curriculum on efficient use of energy and its conservation
  • Implement international co-operation programmes relating to efficient use of energy and its conservation

Various Programs of BEE
1.General Awareness on Energy

i) National Energy Conservation Awards

ii) Painting

2.Energy Conservation in Building
3.Demand Side Management

i) DSM based Efficient Lighting Programme (DELP)

ii)Municipal Demand Side Management (Mu-DSM)

iii)Agriculture DSM Programme

4.Standards & Labelling Scheme
5.Super Energy Efficient Program (SEEP)

i) Perform Achieve and Trade

ii) Market Transformation for Energy Efficiency (MTEE)

iii) Energy Efficiency Financing Platform(EEFP)

iv) Framework for Energy Efficient Economic Development (FEEED)

7.Schemes Pertaining to State Designated Agencies
8.SME Programme

General Awareness on Energy

The National Awareness Campaign is intended to focus on the creation of the public awareness, understanding of the significance of the energy conservation and promotion of energy conservation through voluntary action. The campaign is targeting the domestic, commercial, agricultural, industrial sector and educational.

Need for Awareness

The immediate step to overcome shortages can bePower Conservation by the people. This can be achieved by motivating people to save power by rational use of electricity. For this, awareness is to be created amongst the masses to Save Power. This can be achieved by a ‘Awareness Campaign’ which on one hand motivates people to follow simple rules to Save Power while on the other hand also connects them emotionally by generating a sense of awareness - that if they don’t conserve power today, they will become ‘power less’ tomorrow.

In order to gear up the propagation of the energy conservation and efficiency in every nook and corner for the country, the services of media were embarked upon and it successfully showed its impact with the nation watching BEE’s advertisement on their channels, getting inspiring messages and information through National newspapers and sensing the pulse of energy consciousness through energy saving slogans flashing on electronic display boards installed at various geographic locations, Workshops/Seminars/Exhibitions added to the above goal.

The main elements of the awareness strategy evolved by the Government fall into three different categories namely:

i) Incentivizing industry and large commercial consumers by recognizing their efforts in the National Energy Conservation Awards annually.

ii) Participative programme to create awareness amongst children, the future leaders of the country, by way of National Level Painting Competition on Energy Conservation.

iii) Awareness campaign about the need and importance of energy conservation that supplements other such efforts of BEE for specialized subjects like Standards and Labelling, general guidance on saving energy in household and agriculture sector.

i) National Energy Conservation Awards

These awards are a means to institutionalize the energy efficiency movement in the country and are presented every year since 1991 on 14thDecember, which is also observed as the National Energy Conservation Day. The Awards Scheme recognizes best practice from large / medium and small scale industries, thermal power stations, building sector, zonal railways, State Designated Agencies (SDAs), Municipalities, Aviation Sector and Manufacturers of BEE Star labelled appliances/equipment etc.

ii) National Level Painting Competition

The salient features of the scheme are as follows:

a) The Painting Competition is first conducted at the School level and two best paintings from the participating school are included in the concerned State & UT level. 50 students are selected from the painting received from the schools for their participation in the State/UT level competition. First three winners from each State and UTs are invited to participate at the national level.

b) The children studying in the standards 4th, 5th and 6th are eligible to participate in the Painting Competition. The winners of State Level Painting Competition and National level Painting Competition are suitably awarded and all children participating in the competition at school, state and national level are also given certificates of participation.

Energy Conservation in Building

The Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC) was developed by the Govt. of India for new commercial buildings on 27th May 2007. ECBC sets minimum energy standards for new commercial buildings having a connected load of 100kW or contract demand of 120 kVA and above. While the Central Government has powers under the EC Act 2001, the state governments have the flexibility to modify the code to suit local or regional needs and notify them. Presently, the code is in voluntary phase of implementation.While the ECBC has been developed by BEE, its enforcement lies with the state governments and urban local bodies through notification within their states.

To promote adoption of ECBC in the built environment, several enabling measures were taken up during 11th Plan period. These included –

i) empanelment of ECBC expert architects

ii) development of technical reference material such as ECBC User Guide, Tip Sheets for lighting, envelope, HVAC, simulation

iii) development of conformance/compliance check tool (ECOnirman) to help architects/ design professionals and code compliance officials to assess conformance with code requirements

iv) Standard ECBC Training Modules covering various aspects of the code

v) Developed model building bye-laws to mandate minimum energy standards for residential and commercial buildings/ complexes for formulation of draft National Sustainable Habitat parameters on energy efficiency.

Additionally the Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment (GRIHA) rating system promoted by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) adopts both the prescriptive and mandatory provisions of the ECBC for obtaining a rating. Energy Performance Index (EPI) values developed by BEE for different categories of buildings have been adopted under the GRIHA rating system. Consequently all buildings rated under the (GRIHA) would essentially be compliant to ECBC.

The scope for energy efficiency improvements in buildings is immense. However, a lack of awareness amongst building owners and managers about the specific interventions that could lead to greater energy efficiency, and the non-availability of an appropriate delivery mechanism to capture future energy savings as a result of these interventions, discourages the large-scale enhancement of energy efficiency in buildings. Energy savings are determined by comparing energy baseline with energy consumed after implementation of EE measures. Energy Audit Studies have revealed a savings potential to the extent of 40% in end use such as lighting, cooling, ventilation, refrigeration etc. Energy cost savings resulting from EE measures directly benefit building owners and occupants over the life cycle of the building.

In order to promote a market pull for energy efficient buildings, Bureau of Energy Efficiency developed a voluntary Star Rating Programme for buildings which is based on the actual performance of a building, in terms of energy usage in the building over its area expressed in kWh/sq. m/year.

Demand Side Management
DSM based Efficient Lighting Programme (DELP)

Domestic consumers account for almost 24% of the total electricity demand in the country.Major part of the energy consumption is used for lighting. A significant proportion of household lightingneeds are met by use of incandescent bulbs, which are extremely energy inefficient as over 90% ofelectricity is wasted as heat. Promoting efficient lighting in household sector can reduce the electricityconsumption by as much as 50 billion kWh every year at national level. This will also benefit theconsumers by way of reduced electricity expenditure.

The key barriers to use of efficient lighting in the household sector are the high cost of efficientlights (CFL at Rs. 100, LEDs at Rs. 400 as compared to ICLs at Rs. 10) and lack of awareness. Properlydesigned programme can overcome these barriers and help scaling up the use of efficient lighting in thehousehold sector. As the use of efficient light reduces the overall peak demand of DISCOMs, it makeseconomic sense for the DISCOM to incentivize use of LEDs by sharing the ensuing commercial benefit ofreduced power cost.

DELP proposes to overcome this first cost barrier to promote LEDs by using the basicarchitecture and best practices of BLY. DELP is designed to monetize the energy consumption reductionin the households sector and attract investments therein. It also evolves a robust business model that secures commercial investment.

Municipal Demand Side Management (Mu-DSM)

Municipal Demand Side Management (Mu-DSM) Programme was started as a PILOT program in the 11th plan period encompassing 175 Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) across the country.The objectives of the program include –

i) Build Infrastructure & Energy Management Skill

ii) Mapping of systems where electricity is consumed in the municipality

iii) Identification of energy saving potential through Detailed Energy Audit

iv) Development of Implementable Projects

v) Cost Benefit & Financial Analysis and

vi) Technical Assistance for Implementation of Energy Conservation Measure etc.

The program was taken up in a phased manner all across the country as per the situational survey report.

Agriculture DSM Programme

Energy efficiency through agriculture demand side management promises immense opportunities and benefits. The benefits are realized through reduction in overall power consumption, improving efficiencies of ground water extraction, reducing subsidy burden on state utilities and also the investment in power plants through avoided capacity. The studies undertaken by BEE reveals that the current efficiency level of pump sets are in range of 20-25% and efficiency improvements can reach up to 40-50% for existing pump sets and also for new pump sets which could be installed.